What is collagen?
Collagen is the body’s most abundant protein.
- Connective tissues
- And other body parts
The vital functions of collagen include bone strengthening and skin cell regrowth.
The body can naturally make collagen. But in some cases, the need for collagen exceeds the production capacity of the body. In such cases, an individual needs the external source of collagen for meeting his body needs.
What are collagen peptides?
Collagen peptides are the protein source that is a significant element for body nutrition. Their physiological and nutritional properties aid in the strengthing of body muscles, bones, and skin.
There are three types of polypeptide chains in collagen. These chains make a triple helical structure.
Gly (glycine) is present in every sequence; this lets the formation of these collagen chains into the triple-helical structure. The other two sequences may contain Hyp (hydroxyproline) and Pro (proline) along with Gly (glycine).
There are two significant features of this sequencing:
- They keep the collagen fibrils assembled
- Provide a differentiating structure to collagen from the extracellular matrix in the conjunctive tissues
The raw material of the collagen protein is collagen itself. However, the following are the characteristics of the collagen peptides:
- Small-sized molecules with less than 10,000 g/mol weight
- It contains at least 2 to 100 amino acids
- Have good solubility for the cold water (even in the concentrated solutions)
- Do not form a gel
What are the roles of collagen peptides in our body?
Collagen peptides provide strength to the body structures. According to several research studies, collagen and collagen peptides can improve bone strength, muscle strength, premature ageing, and skin health.
Benefits of collagen peptides:
- Skin health:
The most common concerns of the skin are premature ageing, wrinkle formation, and skin dryness. Collagen peptides can help in combating these issues of the skin. According to several studies, collagen peptides help slow the process of ageing in humans.
Skin dryness is also treatable with the help of collagen peptide supplements. According to the statistics, 2.5 to 5 grams of these supplements can efficiently work for almost eight weeks. They stabilize the hydration inside the skin cells, which retains their moisture.
The reduction of skin wrinkles is another significant benefit of collagen peptides. These molecules stimulate the growth and the production of collagen molecules, which give a rejuvenating look to the skin.
Skin elasticity is predictive of skin health. These supplements can also aid in improving skin elasticity.
Collagen supplements help in:
- Improving skin structure by increasing the production of fibrillin
- Improving skin elasticity by increasing elastin protein in the body
- Musculoskeletal benefits:
Our musculoskeletal structures involve bones, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Most of the time, we suffer from joint pain, bone pain, and muscle pain.
These supplements are effective in:
- Decreasing joint pain
- Improving muscle movements and pain
- Boosting the growth of injured ligaments
Our muscle tissue comprises about one to ten per cent of the collagen. Collagen protein is vital to keep the functioning of muscles properly.
People who are suffering from sarcopenia (less muscle mass) can benefit from collagen supplements. It can help in boosting muscle mass within a few weeks.
- Cardiovascular health:
Collagen peptide supplements can help in relieving the risks of several cardiovascular diseases. Artherosclerosis, hypertension, and CAD are the reasons for heart diseases. These supplements can improve all the symptoms of these diseases within time.
HDL is the necessary cholesterol in the body that comes under the category of good cholesterol. According to a research study, collagen peptide supplements can increase HDL production by 6% in the body.
About 16 g of collagen supplements for six months can significantly reduce stiffness in the arteries.
Our cardiovascular health also depends upon body weight. Obese patients are at risk of developing cardiovascular issues. This supplement can also aid in reducing weight if you stick to a balanced diet.
- Neuropsychological benefits:
Psychological symptoms may include depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. According to some research studies, supplements can improve their mood in such patients for a while. Other than it, brain and gut have a relation. Collagen peptide supplements can improve the symptoms of GIT by treating the leaky gut syndrome.
- Hair and nails:
Collagen intake can improve the strength of hair and nails by preventing their brittleness. These supplements can stimulate the growth of hair and nail cells. Moreover, collagen supplements are associated with multiple health benefits.
The most recommended dosage of collagen supplements is about 15-20 grams daily. If you are suffering from some disease or pregnancy, then ask your doctor before taking them.